جایگاه گیاهان دارویی و ممعطر در ایران و استراتژیهایی برای بهره برداری پایدار از آنها

دکتر فرزاد نجفی- عضو هیات علمی پژوهشکده گیاهان دارویی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

پروفسور علیرضا کوچکی- استاد گروه زراعت دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

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The status of medicinal and aromatic plants in Iran and strategies for sustainable utilization

 

 

A.Koocheki and F.Nadjafi

 

Ferdowsi University of Mashhad-Faculty of Agriculture-Department of Agronomy.Mashhad-Iran.

 

Key words:  Medicinal plants. Sustainable utilization. Economic. Diversity.

 

ABSTRACT

Iran converse a vast area of diverse environment and hence an extensive biological diversity. Flora of the country consists nearly 8000 species and has been considered as the most diverse area in the Near East and South West Asia associated with natural plants. This country has an old tradition of plant utilization with use of indigenous knowledge, and medicinal plants have played an enormous role in the economic life of Iranian society .At the present time, despite a wide spread of modern medicinal compounds, still a good proportion of the rural people, use the traditional medicine for health purposes. Iran , is the main exporter of Saffron in the world earning $ 23.7 million from export of this product annually. Total export of the country related to medicinal plants has been estimated to be $60 million (excluding plant essences), which is less than 0.5 percent of world trade. Proportion of medicinal plants in the whole natural flora of the country is nearly %13 and some of those plants are also grown in agro Ecosystems. Cumin is the most common herb grown with an acreage of 50000 hectares, mainly in the North east parts of the country (Khorasan province), others with less acreage are Borage, Thyme, Fennel, Hyssop and Mint.

 

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