COST OF OPERATION AND THE REDUCTION OF FERULA FERULA ASSA FOETIDA AT THE RANGELAND CHALPO KASHMAR

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Amir Soleimani1,*, Zakieh Ghasemi Mayvan2, Ali Golkarian2, Hosein Bagherzade2

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۱Science Department, Baharan University, Gorgan, Iran
۲Natural resources Department, Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran E-mail:Amirsoleimani88@yahoo.com

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Iran with a great diversity of climate is habitat to grassland and forest vegetation; increased use of rangeland by-products in different industries, existence of cheap labor in less developed countries and strong market demand in developed countries has caused higher importance and attention to utilization of by-products and their derivatives. This study was performed with the purpose to preserve and restore the habitats of ferula ferula assa foetida (acetone), retaining and development of genetic resources, employment and exploitation of production platform by locals rangelands of Chalpo Kashmar. The region which covers an area of 14107.68 hectares is located within the catchment of the central desert and in terms of administrative divisions is one of Kashmar’s environs. Studies show that by considering factors such as the authorized percentage for plant exploitation (75 percent), slump percentage in growing process including pests, plants die, disease, decay and the number of useable plants per hectare is 40 stalk per year. By eliminating non-vegetative areas such as rocky outcrop, 76 percent of pastures are useable. The common harvesting method is the traditional way which due to the amount of molasses and sown extracted from each stalk is respectively 5 and 20 grams. According to the number of exploitable stalks, the whole product in one exploitation period and 4-year restoration will be 8539 kilograms of molasses and 34162 kilograms of sown. In each exploiting period due to local norm each worker is capable of harvesting 2500 – 3500 the plant, accordingly the employment of this plan during harvesting period would be 142 people. Considering the price of molasses and sown of ferula ferula assa foetida (Fall 1391), the annual gross income of harvested crops is 2,137 million Rials per year.


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